Colorectal cancer, commonly known as colon cancer or bowel cancer, originates in the tissues of the colon and rectum. Most colorectal cancers are adenocarcinomas (cancers that start in the cells that make and release mucus and other fluids) and blood in stools.
Causes Of Colorectal Disease:
- Colorectal Collipes
Polyps grow on the inner wall of the large intestine or rectum and are common in people over 50 years of age. Most polyps are benign (noncancerous), but some polyps (adenomas) can become cancerous.
- Family History Of Colorectal Cancer
Suppose you have a positive family history of colorectal cancer. In that case, you are more likely than other people to develop the disease, especially if your sibling got cancer at a young age.
- Lifestyle Factors
Individuals who smoke cigarettes or consume a diet high in fat and low in fruit and vegetables are at increased risk of colorectal cancer.
- Age Over 50
Colorectal cancer is more likely to occur as people get older. More than 90 percent of people with this disease are diagnosed after the age of 50 and over.
- Leading an unhealthy lifestyle, for example, rarely consuming fiber and fruits, exercising, smoking, and consuming alcoholic beverages.
- Have Diabetes
- Suffering from inflammatory bowel disease, ulcerative colitis, and Crohn’s disease.
- Undergoing radiotherapy in the abdominal area.
- Have a history of cancer
Signs and symptoms
- Blood in stools
- Change in bowel habits
- Bulky stomach
- Bright or dark red blood in stool
- Narrow stools
- Weight loss
- defecation feels incomplete
- bleeding in the rectum
Screening tests like Fecal Occult Blood Test, Sigmoidoscopy, Colonoscopy, Double Contrast Barium Enema, And Virtual Colonoscopy help your doctor find polyps or cancer before you have symptoms.
Stages Of Colorectal Cancer
- Stage 0. Cancer cells appear in the deepest layers of the colon wall.
- Stage 1. Cancer has penetrated the second layer (mucosa) and has spread,but not to the lymph nodes.
- Stage 3. Cancer has spread beyond the colon wall and to one or more lymph nodes.
- Stage 4. Cancer has penetrated the colon wall and spread to
- organs far from the large intestine, such as the liver or lungs. Tumor size can vary.
- Targeted Cancer
- Radiation Therapy
Treatment for colorectal cancer is also improving, allowing patients to be treated more and detection of colorectal cancer usually results in a complete cure.